The Inner Voice

inner voice“Conscience” is referred about 30 times in the Bible, all of them in the New Testament. All are a translation of the same Greek word and its basic meaning is the ability to see both sides of an argument clearly.

From this comes the idea of conscience being the facility which enables us to identify what is right and what is wrong, helping us to control our behaviour. 

Self-knowledge

One Bible student defined its meaning as ”A knowing within oneself”, while another wrote that ”to have a good conscience is to be able to look in the face the knowledge which one shares with no-one but oneself and not be ashamed”. 

That is a very challenging observation. If you have a clear conscience you can look in the face the knowledge which is intensively private to yourself – knowledge which you share with nobody else at all, not even those closest to you – and still not be ashamed about anything. That is what a good, clear conscience would feel like. 

Thick skinned!

When the apostle Paul wrote his New Testament letter to the Ephesians he referred to some who were ”past feeling” (Ephesians 4:19). One writer has described them as ”stifling their consciences”. So it seems that some members of the church in Ephesus had apparently ceased to feel, or had deliberately suppressed, the emotions which told them what was right and what was wrong!! 

The Greek word Paul used in his letter literally means that the consciences of the Christians he was writing to in Ephesus had become ‘calloused’. A callous is a ”toughened area of skin which has become thick and hard due to repeated pressure”. This callousing, or hardening, had effected their consciences. They had become insensible to the mental discomfort that a more effective and sensitive conscience would have made them feel when they contemplated doing things that were wrong. 

When writing another letter, this time a personal letter to the young man Timothy, Paul refers to false teachers whose consciences had been ”seared with a hot iron” (1 Timothy 4:2). The allusion is to the practice of branding slaves to show who their owners were. The effect of branding with heated metal was to burn a mark into the skin, resulting in the affected area becoming permanently scarred and completely insensitive. 

The writer J B Phillips translated Paul’s letter to Timothy with the words ”consciences are as dead as seared flesh”, while the Living Bible says they were telling lies ”so often that their consciences won’t even bother them”. 

A constant danger

It is a warning to all of us that it is possible to abuse our own conscience and, by our behaviour, the consciences of others – to make them less effective. In fact our consciences may cease to be effective at all.

The basic meaning of conscience – the ability to see both sides of an argument clearly – means that our consciences can only work efficiently if they are fed with the information that will allow them to understand both sides of the argument.

Naturally speaking we are all tempted to do evil things; it’s just part of our human nature: 

“The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked; who can know it?”(Jeremiah 17:9 NKJV)

So none of us needs to be taught anything about how to be evil. Bad behaviour comes naturally to us all and needs to be kept in check! We are in constant danger of behaving badly. We only have ourselves to blame when we do ‘devilish‘ things.

To stop that happening our conscience needs help.  It constantly needs to hear the other side of the argument, the good behaviour that needs to be encouraged. 

If our conscience is to be instructed in the good things that do not come to us naturally then we have to do that educating. We have to give our conscience the information it needs in order to help us make the correct decisions when we are in difficult circumstances and are being tempted to do evil. It’s a constant struggle!

Help is at hand

We can help ourselves by learning more about God and His ways from His word, the Bible. The apostle Paul leaves us with powerful advice in one of the speeches he made when he was explaining what he believed: 

“I have hope in God…that there will be a resurrection of the dead, both of the just and the unjust. This being so, I myself always strive to have a conscience without offense toward God and men.” (Acts 24:15-16 NKJV)

If the hope that Paul had is to be our hope too, then we need to follow his example and strive to make sure that it’s a ‘clear conscience’ that always governs our lives.

 

The Christian Calling

the_call_webThe New Testament continually calls Christians-the “church.”  Remember the Greek word translated “church” means “called out ones.” In other words, a minority is called out from the majority of the human race.

Consequently, many scriptures use the words “elect,” “elected,” “election,” and “elect’s” (sometimes translated “chosen”) to denote God’s dealing with Christians. Matthew 24:31; Romans 8:33; Colossians 3:12; 1 Peter 1:2; 2 Peter 1:10 and 2 Timothy 2:10 are a few examples of this usage.

This word describes the special selection of a smaller class (“little flock”) from the human race before all of humanity has its opportunity for salvation in the Kingdom.

What is this special calling or selection of the church? Christians are called to the multiple profession of judges, priests and kings of mankind in Christ’s Kingdom. What an honor! At first our faith staggers. But the Scriptures are explicit on this point. 1 Corinthians 6:2 states that “the saints shall judge the world.” 1 Peter 2:9 shows Christians are called to be a “royal [kingly] priesthood.” Similarly,
Revelation 1:6 and 5:10 states we are called of God to be “kings and priests” and “we shall reign on the earth.” Revelation 20:6 states that Christians “shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years.”

Judges, priests, kings! What a profession Christians have been called to! But what a rigorous training course the Christian must pursue to attain this profession. Do you as a Christian see God working in your life-preparing you for this profession?

Judges

Christians will share with Christ in judging the world (1 Corinthians 6:2; John 5:22). John 5:28, 29 states that “ALL that are in the graves. . .shall come forth, they [Christians] that have done good, unto the resurrection of life [live and reign with Christ, Revelation 20:4]; and they that have done evil [the remainder of men] to a resurrection by krisis [Greek].” Many translations say, “resurrection of judgment,” but the Greek is literally “resurrection of krisis.” A doctor will speak of a patient reaching his crisis. He doesn’t mean the patient will die. Rather, the crisis time is when the patient will take a turn for the better or the worse.

The “krisis” or probation time for the remainder of men will be in Christ’s Kingdom. Therefore, their trial will not be based on the works of this life but their works during the Kingdom. Thus, the risen Lord says in Revelation 22:12, “Behold I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give to every man according as his work SHALL BE.” Christians will share with Christ in judging people according to their works in the Kingdom, their probation time.

The word “krisis” has been incorporated into many different languages. The Chinese write in symbols. And they use two symbols to denote “krisis.” One symbol denotes danger, the other conveys opportunity. Humanity’s trial or “krisis” in the Kingdom will offer the opportunity to attain eternal life. But it will also be a time of danger.
Those who fail to meet God’s conditions for attaining eternal life will be condemned to Second Death (Revelation 20:13-15).

Priests and Kings

Christians will not only be judges, but also merciful and sympathetic priests who will bless each member of the world with every possible help and opportunity to attain eternal life. Thus, the Scriptures show that Jesus and his church (1 Peter 2:9; Revelation 1:6; 5:10; 20:6) will not only be rulers over the remainder of men but also priests,
blessers. Hebrews 9:23 reveals that Israel’s tabernacle was a picture
of better things to come. After Israel’s high priest provided sacrifices for reconciliation on the Day of Atonement, the priests during the remainder of the year instructed, judged and blessed the people. Hebrews 5:1,2, states that Israel’s priests could have “compassion on the ignorant, and on them that are out of the way; for that he himself also is compassed with infirmity.” Jesus was perfect, but he is able to sympathize with our infirmities as our High Priest because he was tempted in all points like us yet without sin (Hebrews 2:17,18; 4:15).

Being Made Christ-like

Unlike Jesus we have physical infirmities and moral weakness. Additionally, every hardship and tragedy that happens to the human race also happens to Christians (1 Corinthians 10:13). The word “temptation” would better be rendered trial, actually a test permitted of God to instruct us. But “God is faithful, Who will not suffer [permit] you to be tried above that ye are able.” If we are “babes in Christ,” God might remove the trial or hardship. But there is “a way of escape” that our “faithful God” would prefer to provide
during our hardships and tragedies-that His Holy Spirit would develop in us the spiritual maturity “that ye may be able to bear [endure] it.” But why should we endure tragedies instead of having God remove them? Remember God is training us to be sympathetic priests. Thus Peter says in 1 Peter 1:7, “That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honor and glory at
the appearing of Jesus Christ.” Christians who are rightly exercised by their difficulties are changed from glory to glory into the character likeness of Christ (Romans 8:29; 2 Corinthians 3:18). Their exercising the spirit of Christ while struggling with their infirmities and hardships develops in them love, sympathy and understanding for their fellowman.

Just as the firstborn of the nation of Israel was representative of each family in Israel so the “church of the firstborn” (Hebrews 12:23) will have experienced all the problems, hardships, tragedies mankind has endured. This preparation will qualify them to be merciful and  sympathetic priests, judges and rulers of mankind in the Kingdom. Are your difficult experiences making you
sympathetic and merciful to others?

There is much more to the Christian life than accepting Jesus. Peter observed in 2 Peter 1:5-11, “And besides this, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge; and to knowledge temperance; and to temperance patience; and to patience godliness; and to godliness brotherly kindness; and to brotherly kindness
love. . .for if you do these things, ye shall never fall. For so an entrance shall be ministered unto you abundantly into
the everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.” Only if we develop these character qualities will we qualify to reign with Christ as kings and priests in his Kingdom (Revelation 20:6).

With a hope like this we can only conclude as Jesus did, that no suffering or tragedy is too great. Hebrews 12:2-4, “. . .who for the joy that was set before him, endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God. For consider him that endured such contradiction of sinners against himself, lest ye be
wearied and faint in your minds. Ye have not yet resisted unto blood, striving against sin.” With a hope like this let us follow in his footsteps and “consider it all joy, my brethren, when you encounter
various trials” (James 1:2, NAS).

Is God Trying to Convert the World Now?

54d5fae6990e297470c048c03d49ed95Jesus promised, “This gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations, and then shall the end come.” (Matthew 24:14) Does this promise mean that now is the only time of salvation for all people? The common words ALL and EVERY are two of the most important words in the Bible. In Luke 2:10 the angel who announced the birth of Jesus said, “Behold I rrbring you good tidings of great joy which shall be to ALL people.” Verses 30 and 31 speak of salvation for “ALL people.” 1 Timothy 4:10 speaks of God as “the Saviour of ALL men.”

The simple logic of Jesus dying for ALL is found in 1 Corinthians 15:22: “As in Adam ALL die even so in Christ shall ALL be made alive.” Similarly, Romans 5:18 shows that “by the offence of one [Adam] judgment came upon ALL men to condemnation: even so by the righteousness of one [Christ] the free gift came upon ALL men.” Father Adam sinned with the unborn race yet in his loins.

Therefore, ALL were born in sin and shapen in iniquity (Psalm 51:5) and thus worthy of death. God knew that Adam, due to a lack of experience would disobey. Thus 1 Peter 1:19,20, speaks of the blood of Christ as being foreordained for our redemption even before Adam was created. Since ALL were lost in Adam, it was necessary
that Jesus “by the grace of God should taste death for EVERY man” (Hebrews 2:9).

John 1:7 speaks of Jesus as “the Light, that ALL men through him might believe.” Verse 9 says he is “the True Light, which lighteth EVERY man that cometh into the world.” How can this be? Countless millions died before the time of Jesus. They never saw the True Light! They never heard the name of Jesus. And since the death of Jesus, millions died never hearing of the only “name under
heaven given among men whereby we must be saved” (Acts 4:12). If you are a Bible-believing Christian, you know that no one is saved through ignorance but only by believing in Jesus as his or her saviour. This is a seeming contradiction. The answer is found in 1 Timothy 2:5,6, “. . .Christ Jesus; who gave himself a ransom for ALL, to be  testified in due time”-a plain statement that Jesus died for
“ALL.” If Jesus died for “ALL,” why is it that ALL do not have the opportunity to hear this good news? The key of harmony is found in the phrase “due time.” The Greek word translated “time” is plural; i.e., times (Thayer’s Lexicon of the New Testament). The knowledge that Jesus is a ransom for ALL will be testified “in due times.” The
due time for those God is calling to be of the Church is during the Christian Age. The due time for ALL other people to understand is during the 1,000-year reign of Christ.

Now is not the time for ALL to hear the name of Jesus. God is not trying to convert the world between the first and second advents. If He was, then He has obviously failed. For after nearly 2,000 years, less than one third of the world’s population even claims to be Christian. The fact is Jesus predicted only that the gospel would be a witness to the world, not that all would be converted before the end of the Age.

Mark 4:11,12, specifically states that God is not trying to convert the world now. Jesus said to his disciples, “Unto you it is given to know the mystery of the kingdom of God: but unto them that are without all these things are done in parables. That seeing they may see, and not perceive; and hearing they may hear, and not understand; lest at any time they should be converted, and their sins should be forgiven them.” Ponder well this scripture.

If Jesus died for ALL, why has God arranged that many would not be able to understand the Bible and, therefore, not be converted and have their sins forgiven? The Bible is not written like a textbook system of logic. God purposely had the Bible written in parables and symbols, so that many would not be converted and have their sins forgiven. This is why there are over 250 Christian denominations with so many different interpretations of the Bible. God has not
attempted to convert the world, but is only calling a “little flock” at this time. If man’s eternal destiny was dependent upon understanding the Bible now, our God of love (1 John 4:8) would have surely made the Bible plain and simple for all to understand.

Acts 15:14-17 reveals that “God at the first did visit the Gentiles, to take out of them a people for His name [not to convert all]. And to this agree the words of the prophets; as it is written, after this I will return [Second Advent] and build again the tabernacle of David [set up the kingdom of God]. . .that the residue [REMAINDER] of men might seek after the Lord and ALL the Gentiles. . . .” God’s work since
the death of Jesus has not been to convert all humankind, but merely to take out or to call out a “people for his name.” In the Kingdom, all the REMAINDER of men, who are not of these called out ones, will have their opportunity to seek the Lord.

 

Why Are You a Christian?

Are You A ChristianWho is a Christian?

The vast majority of people in North America identify themselves as  Christians. Do you? Perhaps you are not sure. Perhaps you are very sure and wonder about others who do. For example, even the majority of criminals in the U.S. prison system identify themselves as “Christians.”

Just how far back in time can “Christians” be identified? The name “Christian” was coined in the First Century A.D.-about five years after Pentecost. “And the disciples were called Christians first at Antioch.” In the “church at Antioch” these Christians were also called “disciples.” Acts 11:26; 13:1, “Church” means “called out ones” while “disciple” means “learner or pupil” and/or “adherent and
follower of a teacher.” Therefore, “Christians” are defined as ones “called out” from the world to be followers and pupils of Jesus Christ.

Can 200 million people in North America all be true Christians? Jesus said, “I have chosen you out of the world, therefore the world hateth you” (John 15:19). He identified the quantity of his followers as a “little flock” (Luke 12:32). Jesus placed very restrictive terms for discipleship.

What Do Christians Do?

Jesus’ disciples would know and obey the truth. John 8:31,32, “If ye continue in my word, then are ye my disciples indeed. And ye shall know the truth and the truth shall make you free.” Jesus’ disciples would continue in his word, that is, daily study the Bible. They would receive a knowledge of his truth that would so enthrall them that they would forsake all that they have (Luke 14:33) in materialism and goods to be his disciples. In Mark 8:35 Jesus said, “For whosoever will save his life shall lose it; but whosoever shall lose his life for my sake and the gospel’s, the same shall save it.” This means consecrating our all to the Lord and using it in his service as he directs.

Further stringent conditions of discipleship are found in Luke 14:26: unless a man “hate” (love less) his father, mother, wife, children, brethren, even his own life, “he cannot be my disciple.” Again in Luke 9:23: “If any will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross daily, and follow me.”

Jesus’ terms of discipleship for being a Christian, indeed, are demanding. Is it any wonder he predicted that only a “little flock” would qualify? Oh yes, many would call themselves Christians as Jesus predicted in Matthew 7:22,23: “Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name and in thy name. . .done many wonderful works? And then I will profess unto them, I never knew you. . .” (as Christians). Yes, the terms of
discipleship are demanding. The faithful Christian does not
actively seek financial and health blessings. But the
compensating spiritual blessings are a hundredfold in this
life and then life eternal (Mark 10:30).

In western civilization “Christian” denotes a culture to which the majority belong. In Scripture, “Christian” denotes a lifestyle characteristic of an extreme minority. Certainly 200 million people have not left all to follow Christ. But have you left all to follow Christ?

Why Some Become Christians

Some become Christians for fear of eternal judgment. After all, “The wages of sin is death but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.” (Romans 6:23) But God saves us and forgives our sins “for His name’s sake.” (Psalm 25:11) Similarly, Paul observes in Ephesians 1:7,12 that “we have redemption through his blood. . .that we should be to the praise of His [God’s] glory.”

Then there are those who become Christians in order to gain health and prosperity, believing that faith in a “secret kingdom” and its power will grant their desires. How sad! The height of Christian concern should not be “what can God do for me” but rather “what can I do to glorify God.” Remember the words of Psalm 31:3, “For thy name’s sake lead me and guide me.”

Self-Centered vs. Christ-Centered Christians Evidently the church at Corinth included many self-centered Christians. Paul had to chide them in 1 Corinthians 4:8-14: “You are already filled, you have already become rich, you have become kings without us; and I would, indeed that you had become kings so that we also might reign with you. . . We are fools for Christ’s sake, but you are prudent in Christ; we are weak, but you are strong; you are distinguished, but we are without honor. To this present hour we are both hungry and thirsty, and are poorly clothed, and are roughly treated, and are homeless; and we toil, working with our own hands; when we are reviled, we bless; when we are persecuted, we endure; when we are
slandered, we try to conciliate; we have become as the scum of the world, the dregs of all things, even until now. I do not write these things to shame you, but to admonish you as my beloved children.” (New American Standard Translation – NAS)

Then Paul admonished these self-centered Christians to be Christ-centered. “I exhort you therefore, be imitators of me just as I also am of Christ.” (1 Corinthians 4:16;11:1, NAS) Paul’s economic poverty and persecution in the Lord’s service were merely results from following the example set by Christ. Did Christ experience poverty in the Father’s service? “Though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, that ye through his poverty might be rich.” (2
Corinthians 8:9) But, exponents of the idea, “God wants Christians to be wealthy,” are quick to reply that Jesus experienced “relative
poverty.” Jesus was prosperous, they say. Only by comparison with his previous heavenly glory, he was poor.

However, Jesus spelled out his poverty on earth in Luke 9:58. “Foxes have holes, and birds of the air have nests; but the Son of man hath not where to lay his head.” This statement of Jesus’ poverty is all the more meaningful because it was his reply to a person in the preceding verse who said, “Lord, I will follow thee whithersoever thou goest.” Following Jesus does not mean automatically living in poverty, but it does require sacrificing economic interests for his cause, yes, committing all wealth to him.
Have you committed all your means to God?

For those who would use Christianity for financial gain, the Devil, who is the “god of this world” (2 Corinthians 4:4), is anxious and able to give them “the world on a silver platter” as long as they are willing to live a self-centered lifestyle instead of a Christ-centered lifestyle. Matthew 4:8-11

Actually Jesus’ ministry was a life of sacrificing all personal and earthly interests in doing the Heavenly Father’s will, as he “poured out his soul unto death.” (Hebrews 10:9; Isaiah 53:12) The Scriptures use several symbols to illustrate this life of sacrifice. For example, there is the sacrificial death of an animal in the tabernacle.
Also Jesus’ water baptism (immersion) pictured his complete submersion into his Father’s will. Three years after his water baptism Jesus said, “I have a baptism to be baptized with and how am I straitened [stressed] till it be accomplished.” (Luke 12:50) Yes, Jesus’ complete submersion into his Father’s will meant sacrificing self in the interest of others (Acts 20:35), suffering for truth and
righteousness (Psalm 69:7-9) and enduring the cross (Hebrews 12:2,3).

When James and John asked if they could sit on his right hand and left hand in his glory, Jesus replied, “Can ye drink of the cup that I drink of and be baptized with the baptism I am baptized with?” (Mark 10:35-39) Like James and John we must drink of Jesus’ cup of suffering and share his baptism of sacrificial death. Thus the Apostle Paul said, “If we be dead with him, we shall also live with him. If we
suffer, we shall also reign with him” (2 Timothy 2:11,12). Becoming a Christian does not mean preserving and prospering self, but yielding self even to the point of suffering with Christ.

The Reason We Are Christians

In Romans 6:3, Paul speaking of our real baptism said, “Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death?” Yes, we must follow Jesus’ lifestyle of sacrificially dying to self interest. This will mean sacrificing worldly pleasures and interests that are not even sinful while serving the cause of the Lord. Paul in 1 Corinthians 15:29 speaks of Christians being “baptized for the dead.” From God’s standpoint the whole human race, except Christians, are “dead in trespasses and  sins” (Ephesians 2:1). That’s why Jesus said, “Let the dead bury their dead” (Matthew 8:22). Why are you a Christian?

Sharing in Christ’s sacrificial death will benefit the whole human race. If you suffer and die with Jesus (being baptized for the dead) you will live and reign (2 Timothy 2:11,12) with him as king and priest a thousand years (Revelation 20:6) for the benefit of the dead (and dying) world of humankind.

In summary, thus far, the Scriptures reveal that:
· True Christians will be numerically few, a little flock.
· The terms of discipleship are stringent.
· Christians reign with Christ in his 1,000-year Kingdom
on earth for the benefit of the dead world of mankind.

Watchtower Contradicts The First Resurrection

first-resurrectionIn April 1986, the Watchtower stated that because certain first century “Christians” taught that the resurrection had already occurred, they were apostates:

Yet, on this one basic point, what they were teaching as to the time of the resurrection, Paul rightly branded them as apostates, with whom faithful Christians would not fellowship.

  “Paul wrote about some in his day: “Their word will spread like gangrene. Hymenaeus and Philetus are of that number. These very men have deviated from the truth, saying that the resurrection has already occurred; and they are subverting the faith of some.” (2 Timothy 2:17, 18; see also Matthew 18:6.) There is nothing to indicate that these men did not believe in God, in the Bible, in Jesus’ sacrifice. Yet, on this one basic point, what they were teaching as to the time of the resurrection, Paul rightly branded them as apostates, with whom faithful Christians would not fellowship.” Watchtower 4/1/86, Page 31:

In their lastest history book: Jehovah’s Witnesses: Proclaimers of God’s Kingdom published in 1993, the book shows that the founder of the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society [now the legal representatives of Jehovah’s Witnessesses] Charles Taze Russell, taught that the resurrection began in 1878:

[The Bible Students] concluded that … the resurrection to spirit life of those already sleeping in death began then.

“Based on the premise that events of the first century might find parallels in related events later, they [the early Bible Students associated with C. T. Russell] also concluded that if Jesus’ baptism and anointing in the autumn of 29 C.E. paralleled the beginning of an invisible presence in 1874, then his riding into Jerusalem as King in the spring of 33 C.E. would point to the spring of 1878 as the time when he would assume his power as heavenly King. They also thought they would be given their heavenly reward at that time. When that did not occur, they concluded that since Jesus’ anointed followers were to share with him in the Kingdom, the resurrection to spirit life of those already sleeping in death began then.” Proclaimers, Page 632

Russell taught this for the remaining years of his life. The Watchtower Society was still teaching this in 1925:

It is the understanding of the consecrated that the sleeping saints were resurrected in 1878. [Watchtower 2/1/25, Page 371]

By 1927, however, the Watchtower Society said:

… the resurrection of the sleeping saints did not take place in 1878. [4]

“It seems impossible to find anything in these parallel events to indicate the resurrection of the sleeping saints in 1878… Again referring to the quotation from Volume III: The conclusion there reached, that the parallels bear upon the resurrection of the saints, results from the assumption that the Lord was supposed to have taken his power and begun his reign in 1878, and that therefore he would resurrect his saints at approximately the same time. But there is nothing to indicate that Jesus Christ took his power and began his reign in 1878. He could not consistently do so until the expiration of the Gentile Times… the Gentile Times ended in 1914, and the nations were angry, and it was the Lord’s due time to take possession and oust Satan. Seeing then that the Scriptures conclusively prove that the Lord Jesus Christ did not take his great power and begin his reign in 1878, but that he did so in 1914, it follows that the resurrection of the sleeping saints did not take place in 1878.”  Watchtower 5/15/27, Page 151

This presents a curious situation: Charles Taze Russell was an apostate according to the 1986 Watchtower, since he declared that the resurrection had already occurred.

Moreover, the Society says that Jehovah selected it as His earthly organization in 1918. At that time, they were still teaching Russell’s “apostate” interpretation.

Note: In the Watchtower (06/01/27), it was stated (on page 165) that the resurrection had in fact taken place in 1918: “The anointed and faithful ones constitute the temple of God… Such of course include both the sleeping saints and the faithful ones who afterwards have their instantaneous change… Jesus went to heaven to prepare a place for his saints… it would hardly seem that he would awaken the sleeping saints until this preparatory work was completed… it follows, then that the temple of God was brought together in 1918, and that that marks the time of the resurrection of the sleeping saints.”